Effect of Problem-Based Learning Strategy on Upper Basic Two Students’ Achievement in Basic Science in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State

Journal of Science, Technology, Mathematics and Education (JOSMED), 15(3), 41-48.

8 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2019

See all articles by Anna Agbidye

Anna Agbidye

Benue State University

Emmanuel Edoja Achor

Benue State University

Josiah Ogbeba

Benue State University - Department of Curriculum and Teaching

Date Written: September 30, 2019

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of problem-based learning strategy on upper basic 11 students’ achievement in Basic Science in Makurdi metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria. This study also tested the effect of PBL strategy on gender. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. A quasi experimental, pre-test and post-test design was adopted for the study. A total of 80 upper basic 11 students out of 7882 students from two secondary schools in Makurdi metropolis, selected by stratified random sampling technique constituted the sample. One instrument; namely, Basic Science Achievement Test (BSAT) developed by the researchers and validated was used for data collection. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was established through a pilot study using Cronbach’s alpha correlation which was found to be 0.81. The data collected were analysed using mean, standard deviation and ANCOVA. The study revealed that students in the experimental group achieved significantly higher mean score than students in the control group in academic achievement in basic science, P=0.000<0.05.There was no significant difference in mean academic achievement when male and female students were exposed to PBL strategy, P=0.072>0.05. Based on these findings, the study recommended among other things that Basic Science teachers should be encouraged to use PBL strategy as a medium of instructions since it improved academic achievement of the students in Basic science.

Keywords: Problem-Based Learning, Achievement, Upper Basic II Students, Gender, Basic Science

Suggested Citation

Agbidye, Anna and Achor, Emmanuel Edoja and Ogbeba, Josiah, Effect of Problem-Based Learning Strategy on Upper Basic Two Students’ Achievement in Basic Science in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State (September 30, 2019). Journal of Science, Technology, Mathematics and Education (JOSMED), 15(3), 41-48., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3464824

Anna Agbidye

Benue State University ( email )

Along Gboko Rd, P.M.B.102119 Makurdi-Gboko Rd
Makurdi, 97001
Nigeria

Emmanuel Edoja Achor (Contact Author)

Benue State University ( email )

Department of Science and Mathematics Education
Makurdi, 97001
Nigeria
+2348035157702 (Phone)

Josiah Ogbeba

Benue State University - Department of Curriculum and Teaching ( email )

Km 1, Gboko Road
Makurdi, Benue State
Nigeria

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