Near-Rational Equilibria in Heterogeneous-Agent Models: A Verification Method
40 Pages Posted: 7 Oct 2019 Last revised: 24 May 2021
Date Written: October 7, 2019
We propose a general simulation-based procedure for estimating the quality of approximate policies in heterogeneous-agent equilibrium models, which allows to verify that such approximate solutions describe a near-rational equilibrium. Our procedure endows agents with superior knowledge of the future path of the economy, while imposing a suitable penalty for such foresight. The relaxed problem is more tractable than the original, and results in an upper bound on agents' welfare. Our method is general, straightforward to implement, and can be used in conjunction with various solution algorithms. We illustrate our approach in two applications: the incomplete-markets model of Krusell and Smith (1998) and the heterogeneous firm model of Khan and Thomas (2008).
Keywords: Heterogenous Agent Economies, Equilibrium Solution, Heuristic Methods
JEL Classification: E10, E20, E30, G12, C68
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