Technical Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: An Understanding from an Intellectual Property Law Perspective

15 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2019 Last revised: 22 Oct 2019

See all articles by Josef Drexl

Josef Drexl

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Zurich; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Francisco Beneke

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Luc Desaunettes

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Strasbourg - CEIPI

Michèle Finck

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Oxford

Jure Globocnik

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Begoña Gonzalez Otero

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Jörg Hoffmann

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Leonard Hollander

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Daria Kim

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Heiko Richter

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Stefan Scheuerer

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Peter R. Slowinski

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Jannick Thonemann

Eversheds Sutherland (Germany) LLP

Date Written: October 8, 2019

Abstract

The present Q&A paper aims at providing an overview of artificial intelligence with a special focus on machine learning as a currently predominant subfield thereof. Machine learning-based applications have been discussed intensely in legal scholarship, including in the field of intellectual property law, while many technical aspects remain ambiguous and often cause confusion.

This text was drafted by the Research Group on the Regulation of the Digital Economy of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in the pursuit of understanding the fundamental characteristics of artificial intelligence, and machine learning in particular, that could potentially have an impact on intellectual property law. As a background paper, it provides the technological basis for the Group’s ongoing research relating thereto. The current version summarises insights gained from background literature research, interviews with practitioners and a workshop conducted in June 2019 in which experts in the field of artificial intelligence participated.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Machine learning, Intellectual property law, Technology, Digital economy

Suggested Citation

Drexl, Josef and Hilty, Reto and Beneke, Francisco and Desaunettes, Luc and Finck, Michèle and Globocnik, Jure and Gonzalez Otero, Begoña and Hoffmann, Jörg and Hollander, Leonard and Kim, Daria and Richter, Heiko and Scheuerer, Stefan and Slowinski, Peter R. and Thonemann, Jannick, Technical Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: An Understanding from an Intellectual Property Law Perspective (October 8, 2019). Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 19-13. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3465577 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3465577

Josef Drexl

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Munich, 80539
Germany

Reto Hilty (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

University of Zurich

Rämistrasse 74/7
Zürich, CH-8001
Switzerland

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Munich, 80539
Germany

Francisco Beneke

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Luc Desaunettes

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

University of Strasbourg - CEIPI ( email )

11 fue de Marechal Juin
BP68
Strasbourg
France

Michèle Finck

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Jure Globocnik

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
München, Bayern 80539
Germany

Begoña Gonzalez Otero

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Jörg Hoffmann

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
München, Bayern 80539
Germany

Leonard Hollander

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Daria Kim

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Heiko Richter

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Stefan Scheuerer

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Peter R. Slowinski

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Jannick Thonemann

Eversheds Sutherland (Germany) LLP ( email )

Germany

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