A Literature Review of Financial Contracting Theory from the Islamic and Conventional Overviews: Contributions, Gaps, and Perspectives

18 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2019

See all articles by Hechem Ajmi

Hechem Ajmi

International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM) - IIUM Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance

Hassanuddeen AbdulAziz

Effat University

Salina Kassim

Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance (IIiBF), International Islamic University

Walid Mansour

University of Sousse

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

This paper discusses the financial contracting theory from the conventional and Islamic perspectives. It provides an overview of the contributions in this field and discusses the gaps in the literature. In addition, it proposes two relevant approaches namely the financial contracting enforceability approach and the adverse selection analysis in order to deal with conflicts of interest among economic agents. The first approach is meant to assess the contract that maximizes the value of the firm subject to the enforcement constraint for the agent and the participation constraint for the principal. The second approach considers an adverse selection framework in order to determine the principal’s subjective perception of the risk of default when equity and debt financings are used. Similarly, it suggests avenues for future research. Firstly, it calls for a deeper understanding of venture capital as a potential model of mushārakah. Secondly, it puts stress on the importance of examining crowd-funding functioning from the principal-agent point of view. Thirdly, it sheds some light on the necessity to yield financial explanation about the excessive use of murābaḥah instead of ijārah. In a nutshell, we assume that the alternative approaches can be adopted to provide relevant insights regarding the proposed future researches.

Keywords: Conflicts of interest, Optimal contract, Adverse selection, Equity-based contracts, Debt-based contracts

JEL Classification: G32, G33, G23, G24

Suggested Citation

Ajmi, Hechem and AbdulAziz, Hassanuddeen and Kassim, Salina and Mansour, Walid, A Literature Review of Financial Contracting Theory from the Islamic and Conventional Overviews: Contributions, Gaps, and Perspectives (2019). Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Islamic Economics, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3466262

Hechem Ajmi (Contact Author)

International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM) - IIUM Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance ( email )

Malaysia

Hassanuddeen AbdulAziz

Effat University ( email )

P.O.BOX 34689
Jeddah, 21478
Saudi Arabia

Salina Kassim

Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance (IIiBF), International Islamic University ( email )

Malaysia

Walid Mansour

University of Sousse ( email )

Sousse
Sousse, 5000
Tunisia

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