Indigenous Communities and Social Enterprise in Canada
Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research, Vol. 6, No 1, Spring / Printemps 2015, pp. 104 – 123, DOI/10.22230/cjnser.2015v6n1a196
20 Pages Posted: 8 May 2020
Date Written: March 31, 2015
This article seeks to understand Indigenous social enterprise in a “current state snapshot” and in a complex historical context. Specifically, the authors begin by placing into theoretical context social enterprises serving Indigenous communities. The framework for Indigenous social enterprise is related to theories of Indigenous entrepreneurship and “quadruple bottom line” organizations. The authors explain the role of culture as an under-researched element and as a critical component of Indigenous social enterprise. The article also highlights gender leadership of social enterprise in Indigenous communities. Finally, the article provides three case studies that exemplify Indigenous social enterprise in Canada.
Keywords: Indigenous, Aboriginal, First Nations, Entrepreneurship, Culture, Social Enterprise, Canada
JEL Classification: D21, D22, D63, I31, J15, L21, L22, L26, L31, M14, O35, P48, Q51, Q57, R11, Z1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation