Indigenous Communities and Social Enterprise in Canada

Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research, Vol. 6, No 1, Spring / Printemps 2015, pp. 104 – 123, DOI/10.22230/cjnser.2015v6n1a196

20 Pages Posted: 8 May 2020

See all articles by Ushnish Sengupta

Ushnish Sengupta

University of Toronto, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Students; York University - Schulich School of Business

Marcelo Vieta

Social Economy Centre, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (University of Toronto), Euricse

John Justin McMurtry

York University

Date Written: March 31, 2015

Abstract

This article seeks to understand Indigenous social enterprise in a “current state snapshot” and in a complex historical context. Specifically, the authors begin by placing into theoretical context social enterprises serving Indigenous communities. The framework for Indigenous social enterprise is related to theories of Indigenous entrepreneurship and “quadruple bottom line” organizations. The authors explain the role of culture as an under-researched element and as a critical component of Indigenous social enterprise. The article also highlights gender leadership of social enterprise in Indigenous communities. Finally, the article provides three case studies that exemplify Indigenous social enterprise in Canada.

Keywords: Indigenous, Aboriginal, First Nations, Entrepreneurship, Culture, Social Enterprise, Canada

JEL Classification: D21, D22, D63, I31, J15, L21, L22, L26, L31, M14, O35, P48, Q51, Q57, R11, Z1

Suggested Citation

Sengupta, Ushnish and Vieta, Marcelo and McMurtry, John Justin, Indigenous Communities and Social Enterprise in Canada (March 31, 2015). Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research, Vol. 6, No 1, Spring / Printemps 2015, pp. 104 – 123, DOI/10.22230/cjnser.2015v6n1a196, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3467918

Ushnish Sengupta (Contact Author)

University of Toronto, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Students ( email )

252 Bloor St. West
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1V6
Canada
(647) 210-2524 (Phone)

York University - Schulich School of Business ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada
(647) 210-2524 (Phone)

Marcelo Vieta

Social Economy Centre, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (University of Toronto), Euricse ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G8
Canada

John Justin McMurtry

York University ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

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