The New City Regulators: Platform and Public Values in Smart and Sharing Cities
Forthcoming, Computer Law & Security Review (2020)
33 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2019 Last revised: 21 Nov 2019
Date Written: October 11, 2019
Cities are increasingly influenced by novel and cosmopolitan values advanced by transnational technology providers and digital platforms, which differ from the traditional public values protected by national and local laws and policies. This article contrasts the public values created by digital platforms in cities with the democratic and social national values that the platform society is leaving behind. It innovates by showing how co-regulation can balance public values with platform values. In this article, we argue that despite the value-creation benefits produced by the digital platforms under analysis, public authorities should be aware of the risks of technocratic discourses and potential conflicts between platform and local values. In this context, we suggest a normative framework which enhances the need for a new kind of knowledge-service creation in the form of local public-interest technology. Moreover, our framework proposes a negotiated contractual system that seeks to balance platform values with public values in an attempt to address the digital enforcement problem driven by the functional sovereignty role of platforms.
Keywords: digital platforms; smart cities; Internet-of-things; public values; privacy; urban law
JEL Classification: K20; K23; G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation