Career or Flexible Work Arrangements? Gender Differences in Self-Employment in a Young Market Economy

29 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2019

See all articles by dominik buttler

dominik buttler

Poznan University of Economics

Eva Sierminska

LISER; DIW Berlin - German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We examine supply-side determinants of transition from the wage and salary sector to self-employment of women and men living Poland. The empirical analysis is made possible due to a unique and under explored longitudinal survey – Social Diagnosis – that contains rare indicators such as job preferences and work events. The empirical results in the 2007-2015 period indicate that women and men transitioning into self-employment are differently motivated. In terms of job attributes, women find independence at work and for those in professional occupations a job matching their competences as a desirable job attribute, while for men the lack of stress, a good salary and independence is key. The analysis of work events and its influence on self-employment weakly confirms the glass-ceiling hypothesis. In line with other research, our analysis indicates that financial constraints strongly determine the entry into self-employment. A key human capital determinant is past entrepreneurial experience indicating a slow, cautious transition process into self-employment.

Keywords: risk, self-employment, work conditions, gender, Poland

JEL Classification: D31, G11, J61

Suggested Citation

buttler, dominik and Sierminska, Eva, Career or Flexible Work Arrangements? Gender Differences in Self-Employment in a Young Market Economy. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12643. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3468591

Dominik Buttler (Contact Author)

Poznan University of Economics

Eva Sierminska

LISER ( email )

3, avenue de la Fonte
Esch-sur-Alzette, L-4364
Luxembourg

HOME PAGE: http://www.sierminska.eu

DIW Berlin - German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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