Accounting for Differences in Female Labor Force Participation between China and India

18 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2019

See all articles by Mehtabul Azam

Mehtabul Azam

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Luyi Han

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater, Department of Economics & Legal Studies in Business, Students

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Abstract

Although, the male labor force participation rate is comparable in China and India, female labor force participation rate remains very low in India. In this paper, we examine the factors responsible for the difference in female labor force participation rate between the two countries by carrying out decomposition exercise at three points of time covering two decades. We find that the differences in female labor force participation rate are not explained by the differences in characteristics across the two countries in each of the three year studied. The differences in returns to these characteristics explain most of the differences in participation rate.

Keywords: female labor force, China, India, oaxaca-blinder decomposition

JEL Classification: J16, J82

Suggested Citation

Azam, Mehtabul and Han, Luyi, Accounting for Differences in Female Labor Force Participation between China and India. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12681, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3468629

Mehtabul Azam (Contact Author)

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater ( email )

Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Luyi Han

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater, Department of Economics & Legal Studies in Business, Students ( email )

Stillwater, OK
United States

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