Gender Inequality, Governance and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

28 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2019

See all articles by Migbaru Alamirew Workneh

Migbaru Alamirew Workneh

University of Insubria, Department of Economics

Zerayehu Sime Eshete

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics

Francesco Figari

University of Insubria - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 12, 2019

Abstract

This paper uses panel data for 34 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to investigate the effect of gender inequality and governance on poverty. It applied a maximum likelihood estimation of random effect models. It found that high gender inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa contributes for high poverty. The results also show that good governance in Sub-Saharan Africa may have a decisive positive impact on poverty reduction. The results are robust at country and regional level data. Convincingly, it also found that gender inequality and the absence of good governance can have a potential impact to increase poverty. Hence, to get out of poverty by improving human development, refining frameworks that improve the institutional quality through voice and accountability, regulations and government effectiveness on socio-economic issues are necessary. The high gender inequality in the region should also decreased.

Keywords: Gender inequality, Governance, poverty, Human development index, Maximum likelihood, Panel random effect

JEL Classification: E02, O11, O19

Suggested Citation

Workneh, Migbaru Alamirew and Eshete, Zerayehu Sime and Figari, Francesco, Gender Inequality, Governance and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa (October 12, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3468672 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3468672

Migbaru Alamirew Workneh (Contact Author)

University of Insubria, Department of Economics ( email )

Italy

Zerayehu Sime Eshete

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics ( email )

Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Francesco Figari

University of Insubria - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Ravasi 2
Varese, 21100
Italy

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