Reshaping the Reach of the State: The Politics of a Teacher Payment Reform in the DR Congo
Journal of Modern African Studies, Forthcoming
36 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2019
Date Written: October 1, 2019
We analyse the politics of the reform of teacher payment modalities in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in light of the uneven territorial reach of the DRC state. The reform focused on extending this reach by paying all teachers via a bank account, replacing longstanding shared governance arrangements between state and faith-based organizations with a public-private partnership. By using qualitative and quantitative data, we map the political practices accompanying the implementation of the reform. While the reform itself was officially deemed a success, its intended effects were almost completely offset in rural areas. Moreover, governance of teacher payments was not rationalized but instead became even more complex and spatially differentiated. In sum, the reform has rendered governance processes more opaque and it deepened the existing unevenness in the geography of statehood.
Keywords: reform, policy, public-private partnership, faith-based organization, public services, Democratic Republic of Congo, teacher payment, negotiation
JEL Classification: I21, I28, I24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation