Time-varying Efficiency and the Adaptive Market Hypothesis: Evidence from Chinese A-share Stock Market
17 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2019
Date Written: December 13, 2017
With the continuous questioning of the efficient market hypothesis and the booming development of behavioral finance theory, the basic framework of financial economics becomes increasingly blurred. Meanwhile, the adaptive market hypothesis proposed by Lo (2004), underscoring time-varying market efficiency, introduces the idea of biology and evolution into modern finance to reconcile the two mainstream theories. This paper uses the Shanghai Composite Index and Shenzhen Composite Index from two Chinese stock markets and adopts AR(1) model, ARIMA model, variance ratio test and automatic portmanteau test with rolling windows to test the time-varying efficiency of Chinese markets. On the other hand, GARCH model is adopted to study the dynamic relationship between return and risk with analysis of the mechanism behind the market. The results of the research support the adaptive market hypothesis: the results of the full sample test show that the Chinese market as a whole is inefficient, and there is no trend of efficiency growing monotonously. Although most results of sub-sample analysis demonstrate weak-form market efficiency, there exist numerous periods with predictable return, which demonstrates a two-or-three-year cycle. Besides, the relationship between risk and return is very unstable, reflecting investors’ time-varying risk preferences.
Keywords: Efficient Market Hypothesis, Adaptive Market Hypothesis, Efficiency Test, GARCH
JEL Classification: G14, G15
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