Gender Attitudes and Achievement Motivation across Europe (The Evidence of ESS Data)
46 Pages Posted: 22 Oct 2019
Date Written: October 18, 2019
Nowadays, in Europe, women do not have lower education as compared to men, but they are often less advantaged in their careers. The study aimed to reveal the association between gender attitudes, achievement motivation and realisation of this achievement motivation among the working women in Europe. According to multilevel regression modelling on European Social Survey (2010) data on employed individuals, women and men with more egalitarian gender attitudes in general have higher achievement motivation and are more likely to be able to influence policy decisions in their organisations. The impact of achievement motivation on the possibility to influence decisions was very strong in all the countries. The models with cross-level interaction showed that in most cases the association between the three aspects are more pronounced in countries with higher female participation in the labor market.
Keywords: gender attitudes, gender differences, achievement motivation, cross-country analysis, labour market
JEL Classification: Z
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