Entitled to Work: Urban Property Rights and Labor Supply in Peru

65 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2002

See all articles by Erica Field

Erica Field

Duke University, Fuqua School of Business-Economics Group; Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative

Date Written: October 2002

Abstract

Over the past decade, the Peruvian government has issued property titles to over 1.2 million urban households, the largest government titling program targeted to urban squatters in the developing world. This paper examines the labor market effects of increases in tenure security resulting from the program. In particular, I study the direct impact of securing a property title on hours of work, substitution of home for market work and substitution of adult for child labor. To isolate the causal role of ownership security I make use of differences across regions induced by the timing of the program and differences across target populations in the level of pre-program tenure security. My estimates suggest that titling results in a substantial increase in labor hours, a shift in labor supply away from work at home to work in the outside market and substitution of adult for child labor. For the average squatter family, granting of a property title is associated with a 17% increase in total household work hours and a 47% decrease in the probability of working inside the home. Furthermore, for the majority of households with children, urban property titling is associated with a 28% reduction in the probability of child labor.

Suggested Citation

Field, Erica, Entitled to Work: Urban Property Rights and Labor Supply in Peru (October 2002). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=347240 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.347240

Erica Field (Contact Author)

Duke University, Fuqua School of Business-Economics Group ( email )

Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0097
United States
(919) 660-1857 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.duke.edu/ericafield/

Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative ( email )

215 Morris St., Suite 300
Durham, NC 27701
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
651
Abstract Views
7,677
Rank
77,898
PlumX Metrics