Risk Weighting, Private Lending and Macroeconomic Dynamics

34 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2019

See all articles by Michael Donadelli

Michael Donadelli

University of Brescia

Marcus Jüppner

Deutsche Bundesbank

Lorenzo Prosperi

University of Toulouse 1 - Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

According to current regulation, European banks can apply zero risk weights to sovereign exposures in their balance sheet, irrespective of the assigned rating. We show that a zero risk weighting of sovereign bonds has implications by distorting banks' asset allocation decisions. Due to the lower regulatory cost of sovereign bonds, banks invest more in those bonds at the expense of lending to the real sector. To quantify the effect of this distortion, we build a standard RBC model featuring financial intermediation and a government sector calibrated to the euro area economy. Financial regulation is introduced via a penalty function that punishes banks if they deviate from the target capital ratio. We study the zero risk weight policy during normal times when there is no sovereign default risk and find that a policy introducing positive risk weights on government bonds has both long-run effects and stabilising properties with respect to the business cycle. This policy makes the steady state lending spread on loans to firms decline, stimulating investment and output. Also, it stabilises the lending spread, leading to a lower volatility of investment and output.

Keywords: sovereign bonds, risk weighting, RBC, lending

JEL Classification: E44, E32, G21, G32

Suggested Citation

Donadelli, Michael and Jüppner, Marcus and Prosperi, Lorenzo, Risk Weighting, Private Lending and Macroeconomic Dynamics (2019). Deutsche Bundesbank Discussion Paper No. 30/2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3473025

Michael Donadelli (Contact Author)

University of Brescia ( email )

Piazza del Mercato, 15
25122 Brescia
Italy

Marcus Jüppner

Deutsche Bundesbank

Wilhelm-Epstein-Str. 14
Frankfurt/Main, 60431
Germany

Lorenzo Prosperi

University of Toulouse 1 - Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) ( email )

Place Anatole-France
Toulouse Cedex, F-31042
France

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