Shareholder Illiquidity and Firm Behavior: Financial and Real Effects of the Personal Wealth Tax in Private Firms
56 Pages Posted: 29 Oct 2019 Last revised: 3 Nov 2020
Date Written: October 26, 2020
We examine how negative liquidity shocks to households propagate to firms. We show that higher taxes on the personal home of private firms’ controlling shareholders are associated with higher dividend and salary payments from firms to shareholders and with lower cash holdings, investments, sales, and performance in firms. A one percentage-point increase in the shareholder’s wealth-tax-to-liquid-assets ratio is on average followed by a half percentage-point increase in the dividends-to-earnings ratio, a one-third percentage-point decrease in investment, and a half percentage-point decrease in sales growth and profitability. These findings suggest that shareholder illiquidity has causal effects on firm behavior.
Keywords: household finance, corporate finance, illiquidity, taxes, wealth tax, dividends, cash holdings, investment, growth, performance
JEL Classification: G32, G35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation