Campesinos, Latifundistas and Padrones: The Role of Subnational Actors in Venezuelan Land Reform

24 Pages Posted: 5 Nov 2019 Last revised: 7 Nov 2019

See all articles by Lewis Davis

Lewis Davis

Union College - Department of Economics

Christopher T. Yao

Duke University

Date Written: October 25, 2019

Abstract

While much of the empirical literature on land reform focuses on national political economy, the qualitative literature increasingly stresses the important role of subnational actors in the land reform process. In this paper, we provide empirical evidence on the role of subnational factors as determinants of the extent of land reform among over 300 Venezuelan municipalities over the period 2007-2009. We find that including state political opposition, landowner power, and social capital have large, statistically significant impacts on the extent of land reform. We discuss these findings in light of calls to de-emphasize the central government in land reform policy.

Keywords: Land Reform, Chavez, Pink Tide, Peasants, Landowners, Political Economy, Federalism

JEL Classification: Q15,P16, D78

Suggested Citation

Davis, Lewis S. and Yao, Christopher T., Campesinos, Latifundistas and Padrones: The Role of Subnational Actors in Venezuelan Land Reform (October 25, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3475747 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3475747

Lewis S. Davis (Contact Author)

Union College - Department of Economics ( email )

Schenectady, NY 12308-3107
United States

Christopher T. Yao

Duke University ( email )

100 Fuqua Drive
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

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