The Labor Market Effects of Mexican Repatriations: Longitudinal Evidence from the 1930s

66 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2019

See all articles by Jongkwan Lee

Jongkwan Lee

Korea Development Institute (KDI)

Giovanni Peri

University of California, Davis - Department of Economics

Vasil Yasenov

Stanford Immigration Policy Lab; IZA

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Abstract

We examine the labor market consequences of an extensive campaign repatriating around 400,000 Mexicans in 1929-34. To identify a causal effect, we instrument county level repatriations with the existence of a railway line to Mexico interacted with the size of the Mexican communities in 1910. Using individual linked data we find that Mexican repatriations reduced employment of native incumbent workers and resulted in their occupational downgrading. However, using a repeated cross section of county level data, we find attenuated and non-significant employment effects and amplified wage downgrading. We show that this is due to selective in- and out-migration of natives.

Keywords: Mexican repatriations, Great Depression, employment, immigration, railway

JEL Classification: J15, J21, J61, N32

Suggested Citation

Lee, Jongkwan and Peri, Giovanni and Yasenov, Vasil, The Labor Market Effects of Mexican Repatriations: Longitudinal Evidence from the 1930s. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12689, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3475795

Jongkwan Lee (Contact Author)

Korea Development Institute (KDI) ( email )

263 Namsejong-ro
Sejong-si 30149
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Giovanni Peri

University of California, Davis - Department of Economics ( email )

One Shields Drive
Davis, CA 95616-8578
United States
530-752-3033 (Phone)
530-752-9382 (Fax)

Vasil Yasenov

Stanford Immigration Policy Lab

30 Alta Road
Stanford, CA 94305
United States

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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