Religiosity, Charitable Giving, Volunteering and Life Satisfaction

29 Pages Posted: 20 Nov 2019

See all articles by Ilker Kaya

Ilker Kaya

American University of Sharjah - School of Business and Management

Volkan Yeniaras

American University of Sharjah

Ozgur Kaya

American University of Sharjah

Date Written: October 26, 2019

Abstract

This study utilizes a survey based data collected from 3008 adult individuals in Turkey and examines the direct and indirect relationships between the dimensions of (Islamic) religiosity and life satisfaction. We took a dual approach in examining the proposed web of relationships and treated (i) charitable giving and (ii) volunteering as mediators that account for the relation of the dimensions of religiosity to life satisfaction. Via dissecting religiosity into three dimensions, we provided empirical evidence that religious orientation determines the choice between charitable giving and volunteering of the adherents. The results show that the adherents that use religion for social gains (inner peace and comfort) are more likely to volunteer (donate) but less likely to donate (volunteer). Further, our findings indicate that individuals that expect inner peace and comfort (social gains) from religion get more life satisfaction from donating (volunteering) whereas the life satisfaction of those adherents that use religion for social gains (inner peace and comfort) diminishes if they were to donate (volunteer). Our results may be of value to policy makers that aim to engage the members of the public in the provision of sustainable, long-term, and uninterrupted social goods and services through volunteering and charitable giving.

Keywords: Keywords: Dimensions of religiosity, charitable giving, volunteering, altruism, life satisfaction, mediation, Islam, Turkey.

JEL Classification: D64, I3

Suggested Citation

Kaya, Ilker and Yeniaras, Volkan and Kaya, Ozgur, Religiosity, Charitable Giving, Volunteering and Life Satisfaction (October 26, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3475914 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3475914

Ilker Kaya (Contact Author)

American University of Sharjah - School of Business and Management ( email )

P.O. Box 26666
Sharjah
United Arab Emirates

Volkan Yeniaras

American University of Sharjah ( email )

P.O. Box 26666
Sharjah
United Arab Emirates

Ozgur Kaya

American University of Sharjah ( email )

P.O. Box 26666
Sharjah
United Arab Emirates

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