Industry Returns in Global Value Chains: The Role of Upstreamness and Downstreamness
49 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2019
Date Written: October 28, 2019
This paper studies how upstreamness and downstreamness affect industry returns in global value chains. Up- and downstreamness measure the average distance from final consumption and primary inputs, respectively, and are computed from world input-output tables. We show that downstreamness is a key driver of expected returns around the globe, whereas upstreamness is not. Industries that are farthest away from primary inputs earn approximately 5% higher returns per year than industries that are closest. The effect is found within countries and business sectors and suggests that investors perceive supplier-dependence in global value chains as an important source of risk.
Keywords: Asset Pricing, Input Output Table, International Financial Markets, International Trade, Stock Returns, Supply Chain
JEL Classification: D57, F14, G12, G15, L14
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