Adverse Life Events and Intergenerational Transfers

Upjohn Institute Working Paper 19-313

43 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2019

See all articles by Jessamyn Schaller

Jessamyn Schaller

Claremont McKenna College - Robert Day School of Economics and Finance

Chase Eck

University of Arizona - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 31, 2019

Abstract

While there has been broad interest in the direct effects of major life events on older households that experience them, little attention has been paid to the intergenerational transmission of those effects — how negative shocks in parents’ households affect the outcomes of their adult children — or to the role that grown children play in helping their parents recover from adverse events. We use regression and event study approaches to examine within-family changes in monetary transfers and informal care following wealth loss, involuntary job displacement, spousal death, and health shocks in retirement-aged households. We find that giving to adult children is responsive to changes in parents’ wealth and earned income. We document large reductions in the likelihood of making financial transfers to children following wealth loss and job displacement, particularly in households with low accumulated wealth. We also find that parents increase their transfers following spousal death and reduce them with the onset of disability or poor health. We find that upstream transfers are also responsive to life events — children, particularly those with low-wealth parents, increase their financial transfers and in-kind assistance following adverse shocks in their parents’ households.

Keywords: intergenerational transfers, health, job loss, divorce

JEL Classification: D64, I10, J63, J12

Suggested Citation

Schaller, Jessamyn and Eck, Chase, Adverse Life Events and Intergenerational Transfers (October 31, 2019). Upjohn Institute Working Paper 19-313, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3480714 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3480714

Jessamyn Schaller (Contact Author)

Claremont McKenna College - Robert Day School of Economics and Finance ( email )

500 E. Ninth St.
Claremont, CA 91711-6420
United States

Chase Eck

University of Arizona - Department of Economics ( email )

McClelland Hall
Tucson, AZ 85721-0108
United States

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