The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services on the Social Integration of Refugee Families

58 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2019

See all articles by Ludovica Gambaro

Ludovica Gambaro

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Guido Neidhöfer

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

C. Katharina Spiess

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Date Written: October 2019

Abstract

Devising appropriate policy measures for the integration of refugees is high on the agenda of many governments. This paper focuses on the social integration of families seeking asylum in Germany between 2013 and 2016. Exploiting differences in services availability across counties as an exogenous source of variation, we evaluate the effect of early education attendance by refugee children on their parents’ integration. We find a significant and substantial positive effect, in particular on the social integration of mothers. The size of the estimate is on average around 52% and is mainly driven by improved language proficiency and employment prospects.

Keywords: asylum seekers, refugees, childcare, early education, integration

JEL Classification: I26, J13, J15

Suggested Citation

Gambaro, Ludovica and Neidhöfer, Guido and Spiess, C. Katharina, The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services on the Social Integration of Refugee Families (October 2019). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1828 (2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3482339 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3482339

Ludovica Gambaro

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Guido Neidhöfer

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

C. Katharina Spiess (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

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