Exchange Rate Risk, Banks' Currency Mismatches, and Credit Supply
72 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2019 Last revised: 1 Apr 2021
Date Written: March 29, 2021
This paper shows that banks have unbalanced on- and off-balance-sheet currency exposure, which affects the economy profoundly when the inherent exchange rate risk materializes. Even if banks’ net foreign currency exposure is zero in the aggregate, across-banks heterogeneity can lead to a reduction in economic activity: an adverse exchange rate shock induces losses from currency mismatches, leading to a contraction in credit supply as capital constraints bind. This hampers the ability of firms (especially small ones) to borrow and invest, including those unlikely to have had any exchange rate exposure to begin with. These findings highlight that exchange rate risk in combination with currency mismatches at banks is a source of shock propagation with severe macroeconomic implications.
Keywords: Currency Mitmatch, Credit Supply, Foreign Exchange Risk, Financial Intermediation, Risk Migration, Financial Stability
JEL Classification: D53, D61, F31, G15, G21, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation