Citations (16)


Footnotes (116)



Bayh-Dole Reform and the Progress of Biomedicine

Arti K. Rai

Duke University School of Law; Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative

Rebecca S. Eisenberg

University of Michigan Law School

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 66, No. 1

As proprietary claims have proliferated in biomedical research, the costs that such claims impose on R&D have become more salient. At the same time, patents on biomedical research plainly offer important social benefits in the form of motivating private investment in invention and product development. The presumption that patent incentives are necessary to promote research and development has less force, however, for inventions arising from government-sponsored research than for inventions arising from purely private funding. It is therefore important that decisions about patenting the results of government-sponsored research be made on the basis of a careful balancing of the costs and benefits that such patenting will entail for future R&D. Current law entrusts these decisions to the unbridled discretion of institutions, such as universities, that receive federal funds. But universities may be inadequately motivated to take the social costs of their proprietary claims into account in deciding what to patent. A more sensible approach would give research sponsors, such as NIH, more authority to restrict proprietary claims on publicly-funded research when such proprietary claims are more likely to retard than promote subsequent R&D.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 39

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: November 23, 2002  

Suggested Citation

Rai, Arti K. and Eisenberg, Rebecca S., Bayh-Dole Reform and the Progress of Biomedicine. Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 66, No. 1. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=348343 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.348343

Contact Information

Arti Kaur Rai (Contact Author)
Duke University School of Law ( email )
210 Science Drive
Box 90362
Durham, NC 27708
United States

Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative ( email )
215 Morris St., Suite 300
Durham, NC 27701
United States

Rebecca S. Eisenberg
University of Michigan Law School ( email )
625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States

Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 7,383
Downloads: 1,479
Download Rank: 8,712
Citations:  16
Footnotes:  116