Legislating Atrocity Prevention

56 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2019 Last revised: 14 Feb 2020

See all articles by Zachary D. Kaufman

Zachary D. Kaufman

University of Houston Law Center; Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law; Yale University - Law School; Stanford Law School; Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Date Written: 2020

Abstract

Despite promises made by the international community after the Holocaust to “never again” allow genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity to be committed, these “atrocity crimes” have been perpetrated again and again. Today—from Syria and South Sudan to Myanmar and Yemen—such catastrophes still rage around the world, and many more may erupt. This is therefore a crucial time to consider new initiatives to address existing and future humanitarian crises.

In addition to political, normative, and technological advancements, novel legal developments in the United States hold great potential to help address atrocity crimes. Two such pieces of legislation—the Syrian War Crimes Accountability Act and the Elie Wiesel Genocide and Atrocities Prevention Act—recently became law in the United States. These landmark acts unprecedentedly enshrine “atrocity prevention” and define “transitional justice” in U.S. law. In addition, for the first time, one of the acts refers to the Atrocities Prevention Board—an interagency body established by executive order—in a non-appropriations law, endowing this entity (and its successor) with greater congressional support and legitimacy. Amid an era in the United States that is more polarized than at any time since the Civil War, that each law garnered overwhelming support from both Democratic and Republican officials demonstrates that Americans can still agree on at least some basic principles. This Article provides the first comprehensive analysis of these groundbreaking laws and how they relate to other scholars’ and my own studies on atrocity prevention and transitional justice.

Keywords: Legislation, Foreign Relations Law, International Law, Foreign Policy, U.S. Foreign Policy, National Security Law, National Security, National Interest, Atrocity Prevention, Transitional Justice, International Justice, Genocide, War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity, Atrocity Crimes, Syria, Rwanda

Suggested Citation

Kaufman, Zachary D., Legislating Atrocity Prevention (2020). Harvard Journal on Legislation, Volume 57, pp. 163-218, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3484442 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3484442

Zachary D. Kaufman (Contact Author)

University of Houston Law Center ( email )

4604 Calhoun Road
Houston, TX 77204
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.uh.edu/faculty/zacharykaufman/

Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law ( email )

Campus Box 1120
St. Louis, MO 63130
United States

Yale University - Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 208215
New Haven, CT 06520-8215
United States

Stanford Law School ( email )

559 Nathan Abbott Way
Stanford, CA 94305-8610
United States

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
373
Abstract Views
2,274
rank
100,704
PlumX Metrics