High Piezoelectricity and Stable Output in Alkali-Niobate-Based Lead-Free Ferroelectric Ceramics
30 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2019 First Look: Under Review
The applications of piezoelectric materials for electromechanical conversion devices require both high piezoelectric response with superior stability and reliability. In this work, BaHfO3 and (Bi0.5Na0.5)ZrO3 modified KNN based ceramics with high piezoelectric response (d33~490 ± 20 pC/N, d33*~860 pm/V) and good thermal stability (variation of d33* is below 12% over the temperature range of 25-180 oC) as well as cyclic reliability were achieved by integrating the strategies of phase boundary design and crystallographic texturing. The high piezoelectric response originated from three synergistic effects of R-T phase coexistence, piezoelectric anisotropy, and nanodomain configuration. Based on the in-situ temperature dependence of XRD and TEM analyses, we disclosed that the stable R-T phase coexistence and domain morphology over a wide temperature range contributed to the excellent thermal stability of piezoelectric properties. This work provides not only an effective strategy to simultaneously achieve high piezoelectricity and superior temperature stability, but also the in-depth understanding of the microstructure originality responsible for the stability and reliability in KNN based ceramics.
Keywords: Lead-free textured ceramics, High piezoresponse, Thermal stability, Fatigue resistance
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