Environmental Degradation and Public Opinion: The Case of Air Pollution in Vietnam

Journal of Environment and Development, Forthcoming

54 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2019

See all articles by Sung Eun Kim

Sung Eun Kim

Korea University

Harish S.P.

College of William & Mary

Ryan Kennedy

University of Houston - Department of Political Science

Xiaomeng Jin

Columbia University

Johannes Urpelainen

Johns Hopkins SAIS

Date Written: November 14, 2019

Abstract

Air pollution is a pressing problem of public health for developing countries, but governments have few incentives to abate air pollution without public awareness of the issue. Focusing on the case of Vietnam, we examine the determinants of public awareness of air pollution. Using representative survey data for the entire country from 2017, we find that local exposure to air pollution increases public awareness and reduces satisfaction with governments, but does not provoke opposition to coal-fired power generation. In contrast, education leads people to oppose coal-fired power plants. These results suggest that while local air pollution contributes to awareness and dissatisfaction with the government, support for effective policy measures depends on education levels.

Keywords: air pollution, public opinion, Southeast Asia, education, Vietnam

Suggested Citation

Kim, Sung Eun and S.P., Harish and Kennedy, Ryan and Jin, Xiaomeng and Urpelainen, Johannes, Environmental Degradation and Public Opinion: The Case of Air Pollution in Vietnam (November 14, 2019). Journal of Environment and Development, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3486966 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3486966

Sung Eun Kim

Korea University ( email )

1 Anam-dong 5 ka
Seoul, 136-701
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Harish S.P.

College of William & Mary ( email )

Government Dept, College of William & Mary
Post Office Box 8795
Williamsburg, VA 23186
United States

Ryan Kennedy

University of Houston - Department of Political Science ( email )

TX 77204-3011
United States
713-743-1663 (Phone)
713-743-3890 (Fax)

Xiaomeng Jin

Columbia University

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Johannes Urpelainen (Contact Author)

Johns Hopkins SAIS ( email )

1740 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036-1984
United States

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