Maritime Financial Instability and Supply Chain Management Effects

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, Issue 4, 2019

18 Pages Posted: 27 Nov 2019

See all articles by Viktoriia Koilo

Viktoriia Koilo

Ph.D., Associate Professor, NTNU, Norway

Ola Honningdal Grytten

Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi / Department of Economics Norges Handelshøyskole / Norwegian School of Economics

Date Written: November 13, 2019

Abstract

The paper investigates the offshore crisis 2015–2017 and its impact on central international offshore oil and gas related maritime cluster, the Blue Maritime Cluster, located at the North-Western coast of Norway.

This complete maritime cluster, heavily involved in offshore petroleum operations, it experienced an almost devastating blow, as it lost almost one-third of its employees as its value added contracted by 39 percent.

When the crises is basically seen as a result of falling of oil prices and lower activity and squeezed profit margins, this paper investigates the crisis in the light of financial instability and reactions down the maritime supply chain.

By collecting data from the Blue Maritime Cluster and the Norwegian central company register one is able both to trace the fall in the activity due to the crisis and measures of financial strength. The study approaches the data by using a structural time series analysis in order to map cycles as deviations from polynomial trends.

The findings ascertain that financial instability was dominant within the Blue Maritime Cluster during its boom before the crisis. Debt ratios and thereby gearing (leverage) were high. Thus, the companies could not meet their obligations when the crisis hit. The paper also finds that narrow focused supply chain management made the cluster fall deep into the abyss. Companies with a more diversified portfolio were able to meet the hard years better than others.

Keywords: maritime, cluster, supply chain management, financial instability, financial crisis

JEL Classification: G32, L22, L91, M21, N74

Suggested Citation

Koilo, Viktoriia and Grytten, Ola Honningdal, Maritime Financial Instability and Supply Chain Management Effects (November 13, 2019). Problems and Perspectives in Management, Volume 17, Issue 4, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3486992

Viktoriia Koilo (Contact Author)

Ph.D., Associate Professor, NTNU, Norway ( email )

Larsgårdsvegen 2
Alesund, 6009
Norway

Ola Honningdal Grytten

Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi / Department of Economics Norges Handelshøyskole / Norwegian School of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

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