The Impact of the Types of Fixer for Batik Natural Dyes From Fresh and Fallen Leaves
7 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2019
Date Written: August 29, 2019
Synthetic dyes have a wide variety of colors with wide color range, guaranteed, stable, easy to wear, strong dyeing power, easy to obtain, cheap, and easy to use. Nevertheless the use of synthetic dyes can cause health and environmental problems. Therefore it is necessary to explore various potential sources of natural dyes from various plants for batik. The sources of natural dyes is often used from the plant that take from stem, flower, fruit or leaf. One of the important process of batik making is fixation to lock the color. There are many types of material for fixation that influence coloring. This research aims to explore the suitable fixer for natural dyes from various leaves of fresh and fallen plants. Natural dyes are extracted using a heating method with a water solvent. Natural dye sources are taken from Glodogan Tiang Leaves (Polyathea longifolia), Teak Leaves (Tectona grandis L. F), Sono Leaves (Pterocarpus indicus), and Mango Leaves (Mangifera indica). The Fixer will be used lime, alum and tunjung. Batik will be tested with preference consumer test.. The result showed that consumer preferred batik from tunjung fixer.
Keywords: Natural dyes, tunjung, fixation and fallen leaves
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