Analysis of Risk Factors Associated with Bone Mineral Density in the Elderly
9 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2020
Date Written: August 29, 2019
Human bone has self-regeneration ability. However, increasing age causes the loss of its regeneration ability. Generally, loss of bone mass leading to osteoporosis occurs among the elderly. It is predicted that in 2050, 50% of bone fracture cases in Asia are associated with osteoporosis. This study aims to analyze the risk factors associated with bone mineral density disorder in in elderly at Mutiara Homecare Clinic.The study was analytical descriptive with cross-sectional approach. A total of 105 respondents were included as research samples. A set of questionnaire measuring age, gender and disease history of the respondents was used as research instrument. Anthropometric was employed to measure respondents’ body mass index (BMI), while bone density was measured by using Achiles Express II Bone Densitometer. The data were analyzed by using ANOVA model Qualitative variable were describe by frequency and percentage and analyzed using the Chi-Square test or if not applicable,by means of fisher’s exact test.The 95% confidence intervals are used for all variabels. According to the study, the majority of the subjects were in the age group of61-70 years old (38.1%), and >70 years (38.1%).man (52.4%), from family history with an osteoporosis (55.2%)and with normal status of BMI (62.9%). The prevalence of osteopenia was41.0% and osteoporosis 52,4 % along with 6,6 % of normal among Elderly. The risk factors that affected bone density disorder were age (p=0.000), and Family History (p=0.004). Meanwhile, the risk factors that did not significantly affect bone density disorders were gender (p=0.228), body mass index (p= 605), Therefore, it is concluded that age has the most significant effect on bone density disorder among elderly.
Keywords: Risk Factors, Bone Mineral Density, Elderly
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