The Role of Social Environment in the Implementation of Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Right of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography

8 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2019

See all articles by Titik Suharti

Titik Suharti

Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Masitha Tismananda Kumala

Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Septiana Prameswari

Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Date Written: August 29, 2019

Abstract

Children are the next generation of a state and nation. Children must get protection in all aspects of life. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international convention on the rights of children which includes the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. Indonesia ratified both the Convention on the Rights of the Child and also ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography through Act No. 10 of 2012. The implementation of Act No. 10 of 2012 requires the active role of the social environment, especially the environment of family as the smallest system in a social environment. Issues concerning the Role of the Social Environment in the Implementation of the Optional Protocol are understood through normative studies with the aim to find out the role of the social environment, especially the family, in realizing the protection of children from acts of violence, especially those relating to child trafficking, child prostitution and child pornography. The results of a normative study of the Role of the Social Environment in the Implementation of the Optional Protocol is that the role of the family as the smallest system in the social environment and society has an important role in preventing violence against children. The Optional Protocol defines that parents and family are parties who are responsible for children's welfare and that they are a form of efforts to prevent acts of violence against children, especially child trafficking, child prostitution and child pornography.

Keywords: cial Environment, Child Protection, Child Violence

Suggested Citation

Suharti, Titik and Kumala, Masitha Tismananda and Prameswari, Septiana, The Role of Social Environment in the Implementation of Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Right of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (August 29, 2019). International Conference on Science, Technology & Environment (ICoSTE) 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3487351 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3487351

Titik Suharti

Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya ( email )

Indonesia
Surabaya
Indonesia

Masitha Tismananda Kumala

Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya ( email )

Indonesia
Surabaya
Indonesia

Septiana Prameswari (Contact Author)

Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya ( email )

Indonesia
Surabaya
Indonesia

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