lancet-header

Preprints with The Lancet is part of SSRN´s First Look, a place where journals identify content of interest prior to publication. Authors have opted in at submission to The Lancet family of journals to post their preprints on Preprints with The Lancet. The usual SSRN checks and a Lancet-specific check for appropriateness and transparency have been applied. Preprints available here are not Lancet publications or necessarily under review with a Lancet journal. These preprints are early stage research papers that have not been peer-reviewed. The findings should not be used for clinical or public health decision making and should not be presented to a lay audience without highlighting that they are preliminary and have not been peer-reviewed. For more information on this collaboration, see the comments published in The Lancet about the trial period, and our decision to make this a permanent offering, or visit The Lancet´s FAQ page, and for any feedback please contact preprints@lancet.com.

Determinants of Vitamin A Deficiency of Under-5 Children in Rural and Urban Areas of Bangladesh

14 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2019

See all articles by Sabina Yeasmin

Sabina Yeasmin

Daffodil International University

Md. Moyazzem Hossain

Independent

More...

Abstract

Vitamin A supplementation reduces child morbidity, mortality, as well as blindness all over the world especially in developing countries like Bangladesh. The success of the national vitamin A program implemented by the government of Bangladesh in rural and urban areas have characterized by several socio-economic and demographic factors. This study attempts to identify the important factors associated with vitamin A consumption using the national representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014 dataset. The Chi-square test is used for measuring the association between the status of Vitamin A Supplementation and socio-economic as well as demographic characteristics. Moreover, logistic regression is used to determine the important factors of the status of vitamin A consumption. Results depict that Region, Religion, Wealth index, Children's age, Mother's age, Mother's education, Father's education and Breast-feeding status are found to be significantly associated with vitamin A supplementation in rural area whereas, religion, wealth index, Children's age, Number of children, Mother's education, Father's education and Breast-feeding status are significant in urban areas of Bangladesh. Out of 5356 children who are aged 6-59 months, 3098 (57.8%) have received a vitamin A capsule in the rural area and among 1808 children, 1117 (61.8%) have received vitamin A supplementation in the urban area. In Bangladesh, mid-age children (OR: 3.018, CI: 1.440-3.833), others religion children (OR: 1.636, CI: 1.306-2.049), and children of higher educated mothers (OR: 1.410, CI: 1.216-1.635) of rural areas and mid-age children (OR: 2.326, CI: 1.585-3.414) and children of primary educated mothers (OR: 1.617, CI: 1.192-2.342) of urban areas are significantly more likely to consume vitamin A than others. This finding indicates that the consumption of vitamin A does not cover the target of sustainable development goals. Therefore, special efforts are required to ensure that the coverage of the national vitamin A program is increased so that the most vulnerable children are also better protected against morbidity, mortality, and blindness in Bangladesh.

Funding Statement: The authors declare that no funding has been received for this study from any individuals or organizations.

Declaration of Interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethics Approval Statement: This study is considered a secondary data set and the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Bangladesh is responsible in this regard.

Keywords: Vitamin A deficiency; Chi-square; Logistic regression; Bangladesh

Suggested Citation

Yeasmin, Sabina and Hossain, Md. Moyazzem, Determinants of Vitamin A Deficiency of Under-5 Children in Rural and Urban Areas of Bangladesh (10/30/2019 18:15:15). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3487787 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3487787

Sabina Yeasmin (Contact Author)

Daffodil International University ( email )

102 Shukrabad, Mirpur Road
Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1207
Bangladesh

Md. Moyazzem Hossain

Independent

Click here to go to TheLancet.com

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
502
Downloads
77
PlumX Metrics