Money for Something: Braided Funding and the Structure and Output of Research Groups

31 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2019

See all articles by Russell Funk

Russell Funk

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management

Britta Glennon

Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

Julia Lane

Wagner Graduate School of Public Service; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Raviv Murciano-Goroff

Boston University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Matt Ross

New York University (NYU) - Wagner School of Public Service

Abstract

In 2017, the federal government invested over $40 billion on university research; another $16 billion came from private sector sources. The expectation is that these investments will bear varied fruits, including outputs like more economic growth, more scientific advances, the training and development of future scientists, and a more diverse pipeline of STEM researchers; an expectation that is supported by the work of recent Nobel Laureate in Economics, Paul Romer. Yet volatility in federal funding, highlighted by a 35 day federal shutdown in early 2019, has resulted in an increased interest on the part of scientists in finding other sources of funding. Understanding the effect of such different funding streams on research outputs is thus of more than academic importance, particularly because there are likely to be tradeoffs, both in terms of the structure of research and in terms of research outputs. For example, federal funding is often intended to affect the structure of research, with explicit goals of training the next generation of scientists and promoting diversity; those goals are less salient for non-federal funding. On the output side, federally funded research may be more likely to emphasize producing purely scientific outputs, like publications, rather than commercial outputs, like patents. The contribution of this paper is to use new data to examine how different sources of financial support – which we refer to as "braided" funding – affect both the structure of scientific research and the subsequent outputs.

Keywords: UMETRICS, team science, research impact, science policy, research outputs

JEL Classification: O3, M5, H1

Suggested Citation

Funk, Russell and Glennon, Britta and Lane, Julia and Murciano-Goroff, Raviv and Ross, Matthew, Money for Something: Braided Funding and the Structure and Output of Research Groups. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12762, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3488189

Russell Funk (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management ( email )

19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Britta Glennon

Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

3620 Locust Walk
SH-DH
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

HOME PAGE: http://brittaglennon.com

Julia Lane

Wagner Graduate School of Public Service ( email )

The Puck Building
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New York, NY 10012
United States

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.iza.org

Raviv Murciano-Goroff

Boston University ( email )

595 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02215
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Matthew Ross

New York University (NYU) - Wagner School of Public Service ( email )

295 Lafayette St
Second Floor
New York, NY 10012
United States

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