An Econometric Model for Intraday Electricity Trading
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 379(2202):20190624, 2021
27 Pages Posted: 31 Dec 2019 Last revised: 17 Sep 2021
Date Written: September 17, 2021
This paper develops an econometric price model with fundamental impacts for intraday electricity markets of 15-minute contracts. A unique data set of intradaily updated forecasts of renewable power generation is analyzed. We use a threshold regression model to examine how 15-minute intraday trading depends on the slope of the merit order curve. Our estimation results reveal strong evidence of mean reversion in the price formation mechanism of 15-minute contracts. Additionally, prices of neighboring contracts exhibit strong explanatory power and a positive impact on prices of a given contract. We observe an asymmetric effect of renewable forecast changes on intraday prices depending on the merit-order-curve slope. In general, renewable forecasts have a higher explanatory power at noon than in the morning and evening, but price information is the main driver of 15-minute intraday trading. Overall, we show that the importance of influencing factors on the intraday electricity market has changed from fundamental towards trading-related factors. This novel finding illustrates that the intraday electricity market has become increasingly mature.
Keywords: Intraday electricity market; Econometric modeling; 15-minute contracts; Renewable power forecasts; Merit order curve; Threshold regression
JEL Classification: C22; C24; C55; G10; Q20; Q21; Q40; Q41; Q42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation