What Asylum and Refugee Policies Do Europeans Want? Evidence From a Cross-National Conjoint Experiment

34 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2019

See all articles by Anne-Marie Jeannet

Anne-Marie Jeannet

European University Institute - Migration Policy Centre

Esther Ademmer

Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Martin Ruhs

Migration Policy Centre (MPC), European University Institute (EUI)

Tobias Stöhr

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: October 1, 2019

Abstract

This article provides the first-ever analysis of the structure of public preferences for asylum and refugee policy, a highly politicized policy area that has attracted little scholarly attention to date. We first conceptualise the core dimensions of asylum and refugee policy and then conduct an original conjoint experiment with 12,000 respondents across eight European countries to examine how different policy designs impact on public support. Our results demonstrate that Europeans are generally committed to policies that provide protection to asylum-seekers and refugees but this commitment tends to be contingent upon policy features which allow for a means of control, namely through the implementation of limits or conditions. We find this pattern of preferences to be remarkably similar in both the old and more recent EU Member States that we surveyed. Our results imply that some aspects of the current model of the international refugee system are misaligned with the more control-based model that Europeans would prefer. We conclude by discussing our findings in the context of existing research and ongoing political debates about policy reforms.

Keywords: asylum and refugee policy; policy preferences; Europe

Suggested Citation

Jeannet, Anne-Marie and Ademmer, Esther and Ruhs, Martin and Stöhr, Tobias, What Asylum and Refugee Policies Do Europeans Want? Evidence From a Cross-National Conjoint Experiment (October 1, 2019). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2019/73, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3489268 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3489268

Anne-Marie Jeannet (Contact Author)

European University Institute - Migration Policy Centre ( email )

Villa Malafrasca
Via Boccaccio 151
Florence, I-50133
Italy

Esther Ademmer

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

Martin Ruhs

Migration Policy Centre (MPC), European University Institute (EUI) ( email )

Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

Tobias Stöhr

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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