Physical Characteristic and SPF Value of Oxybenzone and Octyldimethyl PABA: Effect of Arbutin and Olive Oil in Carbomer 940 Gel Base

7 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2019 Last revised: 6 Dec 2019

See all articles by T. Erawati

T. Erawati

Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University

J.P. Ayuningtyas

Airlangga University - Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University

W. Soeratri

Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University

N. Rosita

Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University

Date Written: October 1, 2019

Abstract

The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of arbutin (3% w/w) and olive oil addition (3, 5, and 7% w/w) on characteristic and SPF values of sunscreen product containing oxybenzone and octyldimethyl PABA (3:7% w/w) in a carbomer 940 gel base. The characteristic test was conducted by observing the physical appearance, pH and spreading ability on the second day after the product was made; while the SPF values were measured through a spectrophotometric method. Based on the results of the characteristic test, it was evident that the addition of arbutin and olive oil affected the physical appearances i.e the organoleptic and consistency of sunscreen product as well as its spreading ability, but had no effect on its pH. However, the addition of arbutin and olive oil significantly improved the effectiveness of sunscreen product and increase in the concentration of olive oil resulted in a rise in the SPF values. Nonetheless, further study on the in vivo effectiveness using human subject is required to comprehend the SPF application.

Keywords: arbutin, olive oil, oxybenzone, octyldimethyl PABA, sun protection factor

Suggested Citation

Erawati, T. and Ayuningtyas, J. P. and Soeratri, W. and Rosita, N., Physical Characteristic and SPF Value of Oxybenzone and Octyldimethyl PABA: Effect of Arbutin and Olive Oil in Carbomer 940 Gel Base (October 1, 2019). Proceedings of International Conference on Applied Pharmaceutical Sciences (ICoAPS) 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3489575 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3489575

T. Erawati

Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University ( email )

FF UNAIR Kampus C UNAIR
Surabaya, East Java 60115
Indonesia
5033710 (Phone)
60115 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://ff.unair.ac.id/

J. P. Ayuningtyas

Airlangga University - Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University

FF UNAIR Kampus C UNAIR
Surabaya, East Java 60115
Indonesia

HOME PAGE: http://ff.unair.ac.id/

W. Soeratri

Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University

FF UNAIR Kampus C UNAIR
Surabaya, East Java 60115
Indonesia
5033710 (Phone)
60115 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://ff.unair.ac.id/

N. Rosita (Contact Author)

Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University ( email )

FF UNAIR Kampus C UNAIR
Surabaya, East Java 60115
Indonesia
5033710 (Phone)
60115 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://ff.unair.ac.id/

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
23
Abstract Views
248
PlumX Metrics