Neural Network for Pricing and Universal Static Hedging of Contingent Claims
30 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019
Date Written: November 21, 2019
We present here a regress later based Monte Carlo approach that uses neural networks for pricing high-dimensional contingent claims. The choice of specific architecture of the neural networks used in the proposed algorithm provides for interpretability of the model, a feature that is often desirable in the financial context. Specifically, the interpretation leads us to demonstrate that any contingent claim — possibly high dimensional and path-dependent — under Markovian and no- arbitrage assumptions, can be semi-statically hedged using a portfolio of short maturity options. We show how the method can be used to obtain an upper and lower bound to the true price, where the lower bound is obtained by following a sub-optimal policy, while the upper bound by exploiting the dual formulation. Unlike other duality based upper bounds where one typically has to resort to nested simulation for constructing super-martingales, the martingales in the current approach come at no extra cost, without the need for any sub-simulations. We demonstrate through numerical examples the simplicity and efficiency of the method for both pricing and semi-static hedging of path-dependent options.
Keywords: Neural network, Monte Carlo, Regress later, static hedging with options, American Monte Carlo
JEL Classification: 65C05, 91G60
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation