Banks' Holdings of Government Securities and Credit to the Private Sector in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

28 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2019

See all articles by Romain Bouis

Romain Bouis

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: October 2019

Abstract

This paper studies the relationship between banks' holdings of domestic sovereign securities and credit growth to the private sector in emerging market and developing economies. Higher banks' holdings of government debt are associated with a lower credit growth to the private sector and with a higher return on assets of the banking sector. Analysis suggests that the negative relationship between banks' claims on the government and private sector credit growth mainly reflects a portfolio rebalancing of banks towards safer, more liquid public assets in stress times and provides only limited evidence of a crowding-out effect due to financial repression.

Keywords: Financial crises, Central banks, Interest rates on loans, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Monetary statistics, Sovereign debt, credit growth, bank profitability, nonperforming loans, portfolio rebalancing, financial repression, crowding-out., WP, ROA, government security, government debt, total asset, deposit rate

JEL Classification: G21, G28, G30, E01, E52, C, O24

Suggested Citation

Bouis, Romain, Banks' Holdings of Government Securities and Credit to the Private Sector in Emerging Market and Developing Economies (October 2019). IMF Working Paper No. 19/224. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3491247

Romain Bouis (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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