Tech Clusters

25 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2019

See all articles by William Kerr

William Kerr

Harvard University - Entrepreneurial Management Unit

Frédéric Robert‐Nicoud

University of Geneva

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 18, 2019


Tech clusters like Silicon Valley play a central role for modern innovation, business competitiveness, and economic performance. This paper reviews what constitutes a tech cluster, how they function internally, and the degree to which policy makers can purposefully foster them. We describe the growing influence of advanced technologies for businesses outside of traditional tech fields, the strains and backlash that tech clusters are experiencing, and emerging research questions for theory and empirical work.

Keywords: clusters, agglomeration, innovation, entrepreneurship, patents

Suggested Citation

Kerr, William R. and Robert‐Nicoud, Frédéric, Tech Clusters (November 18, 2019). Harvard Business School Entrepreneurial Management Working Paper No. 20-063. Available at SSRN: or

William R. Kerr (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Entrepreneurial Management Unit ( email )

Soldiers Field Road
Morgan 270C
Boston, MA 02163
United States

Frédéric Robert‐Nicoud

University of Geneva

102 Bd Carl-Vogt
Genève, CH - 1205

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