Critical Review of Agriculture Role in the Development of Rural Economy of Pakistan

17 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2019

See all articles by Naushad Khan

Naushad Khan

University of Agriculture, Peshawar - Institute of Development Studies

Fazal Hanan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Shah Fahad

University of Agriculture, Peshawar

Mahnoor Naushad

University of Agriculture, Peshawar

Date Written: November 24, 2019

Abstract

The study was carried out since 2019 and the major objective was that to see the role of agriculture in the development of rural economy of Pakistan. Total 21 articles were used in these studies and critically review in depth 10 to 20 times and analyzed the situation what is going on in the Pakistan Rural Economy. The result indicates that Poor countries economy always behind than the rich countries according to vicious circle theory. There always fighting are seen in the countries and assemblies. Also bad planning and deficit budget is the fate of these countries and they always depend on IMF and World Bank. Everything is going bad and worse in these countries. Such like condition is in the Pakistan. Irrigation systems are not so developed to quickly increase the production of the country. One case study was included in this study which clearly shows that after irrigation the production was increased and the farmers purchasing power was improved.Different programs were launched in the country for the purpose of rural development but all failed in achieving their objectives. Among these programs village Aid Program was the key program but due to lack of fund, absence from duty and lack of coordination among building departments was totally failed. Three time land reforms were launched for agriculture development in the country but not achieved the specific objectives. Credit different programs were launched for the development of agriculture but mostly fund were miss utilized for other purpose. Honey bee program is a successful program working in Pakistan but never supported by government. Different Tree plantation program were launched for the coverage of forest while no successful achievement was gained by government and mostly fund was miss utilized by workers of the party. Huge fund was not provided to educational institution in Pakistan for the purpose of agriculture activities and especially for research in Pakistan. The focuses on the agro based industries were not focused by government in the country. No proper institutions were developed for the purpose of skill development. Similarly political instability was observed in the country and four times Martial was imposed while the agriculture growth in the Army era was found better and less in democratic government. Every government passed the time in favoritism, corruption, nepotism for development of their families while no touch was given to poor communities of the countries which are living in the rural area of Pakistan. On the basis of problems the following recommendation were given for enhancing rural economy of the country:, Political stability is required for the development of a country. More funds should be provided to the community of farming and cottage industrial owner in the country for uplifting the economy. Lack of Coordination among the building department in the country is requested for controlling of problems in time through different Projects. Monitoring set up of, all programs of the country should be developed. Subsidized and support price policy should be expedite in the country. All institution in the country should be developed. Tax should be adjusted according to consumer purchasing power. Good marketing system should be developed in the country for agriculture commodities. More poverty programs should be launched for eradication of poverty from the country. Favoritism, Nepotism and Corruption should be removed from the country. Good relation should be established with the foreign countries. Saving should be increased for the purpose of investment at local and national level. Farmers of the country and small industrial owner should be exempted from the tax. More funds should be given to small farmers in the country for boosting the rural economy of Pakistan.

Peace should be provided to farmers in the country and terrorism should be controlled for peace purpose of the farmers. In every village at school level radio station should be developed for spreading knowledge through school students to community of the farmers for enhancing their agriculture productivity for rural people uplifting.

Keywords: Critical Review, Agriculture Role, Development of Rural Economy Pakistan

Suggested Citation

Khan, Naushad and Hanan, Fazal and Fahad, Shah and Naushad, Mahnoor, Critical Review of Agriculture Role in the Development of Rural Economy of Pakistan (November 24, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3492744 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3492744

Naushad Khan (Contact Author)

University of Agriculture, Peshawar - Institute of Development Studies ( email )

University Campus
Peshawar, khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000
Pakistan

Fazal Hanan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Shah Fahad

University of Agriculture, Peshawar

Pakistan

Mahnoor Naushad

University of Agriculture, Peshawar

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