A Cost-effective Approach to Portfolio Construction with Range-based Risk Measures
24 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019 Last revised: 8 Jun 2020
Date Written: November 25, 2019
In this paper, we introduce a new class of risk measures and the corresponding risk minimizing portfolio optimization problem. Instead of measuring the expected deviation of a daily return from a single target value, we propose to measure its deviation from a range of values centered on the single target value. By relaxing the definition of deviation, the proposed risk measure is robust to the variation of data input and thus the resulting risk-minimizing portfolio has a lower turnover rate and is resilient to outliers. To construct a practical portfolio, we propose to impose an ℓ2-norm constraint on the portfolio weights to stabilize the portfolio's out-of-sample performance. We show that for some cases of our proposed range-based risk measures, the corresponding portfolio optimization can be recast as a support vector regression problem. This allows us to tap into the machine learning literature on support vector regression and effectively solve the portfolio optimization problem even in high dimensions. Moreover, we present theoretical results on the robustness of our range-based risk minimizing portfolios. Simulation and empirical studies are conducted to examine the out-of-sample performance of the proposed portfolios.
Keywords: Portfolio selection, Range-based risk measure, ℓ2-regularized portfolios, Machine learning, Support vector regression, Robustness
JEL Classification: G11, C32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation