Fighting Terrorism in Africa When Existing Terrorism Levels Matter
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 13(1), pp. 1-22 (January, 2021).
43 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019 Last revised: 26 Jan 2021
Date Written: January 26, 2019
This study examines policy tools in the fight against terrorism when existing levels of terrorism matter in 53 African countries for the period 1998-2012. The empirical evidence is based on contemporary, non-contemporary and Instrumental Variable Quantile regressions (QR) which enable the investigation throughout the conditional distributions of domestic, transnational and total terrorism dynamics. The following findings are established. First, counterterrorism policy instruments of inclusive human development and military expenditure further fuel terrorim. Second, political stability negatively affects terrorism with a negative threshold effect. Political stability estimates are consistently significant with increasing negative magnitudes throughout the conditional distributions of domestic and total terrorism. Policy implications are discussed.
Keywords: Terrorism; Inclusive development; Political stability; Military expenditure; Africa
JEL Classification: C52; D74; F42; O16; O38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation