Socioeconomic Analysis of Breast Cancer between Countries, 2012-2018 Period

Quaderni IRCrES, 4(2), 37-46, 2/2019

10 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2019

See all articles by Mario Coccia

Mario Coccia

National Research Council of Italy (CNR); YALE University; Arizona State University

Date Written: November 26, 2019


The breast cancer among women is a critical health and social issue worldwide. The goal of this study is to investigate breast cancer mortality in association with breast cancer incidence and socioeconomic factors between countries. Data of breast cancer incidence and mortality are from IARC/WHO for 2012 and 2018 and measured in age-standardized rate per 100,000 persons per country. Data of socioeconomic factors and diagnostic equipment are from The World Bank, United Nations and WHO. Results show that a 1% higher level of breast cancer incidence, it increases the expected mortality by 0.79% in poor countries, by 0.50% in countries with average income and by 0.31% in rich countries. These findings suggest that the risk of breast cancer mortality is increasing worldwide. These results explain trends of breast cancer between countries that can be used to gain insights at country-level for designing social “best practices” for health improvement of countries. However, these conclusions are of course tentative. There is need for much more detailed research into the relations between socioeconomic factors and breast cancer.

Keywords: Breast Cancer, Gross Domestic Product per Capita, Health Policy, High income countries; cancer incidence, oral contraceptive pill

JEL Classification: I14, I15, I18, I39, O10, O3, O55, Q50

Suggested Citation

Coccia, Mario, Socioeconomic Analysis of Breast Cancer between Countries, 2012-2018 Period (November 26, 2019). Quaderni IRCrES, 4(2), 37-46, 2/2019, Available at SSRN:

Mario Coccia (Contact Author)

National Research Council of Italy (CNR) ( email )

Via San Martino della battaglia, 44
Roma, 00185
+390116824925 (Phone)
+390116824966 (Fax)


YALE University ( email )

New Haven, CT 06520
United States

Arizona State University ( email )

Farmer Building 440G PO Box 872011
Tempe, AZ 85287
United States

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