Socioeconomic Analysis of Breast Cancer between Countries, 2012-2018 Period
Quaderni IRCrES, 4(2), 37-46, 2/2019
10 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2019
Date Written: November 26, 2019
The breast cancer among women is a critical health and social issue worldwide. The goal of this study is to investigate breast cancer mortality in association with breast cancer incidence and socioeconomic factors between countries. Data of breast cancer incidence and mortality are from IARC/WHO for 2012 and 2018 and measured in age-standardized rate per 100,000 persons per country. Data of socioeconomic factors and diagnostic equipment are from The World Bank, United Nations and WHO. Results show that a 1% higher level of breast cancer incidence, it increases the expected mortality by 0.79% in poor countries, by 0.50% in countries with average income and by 0.31% in rich countries. These findings suggest that the risk of breast cancer mortality is increasing worldwide. These results explain trends of breast cancer between countries that can be used to gain insights at country-level for designing social “best practices” for health improvement of countries. However, these conclusions are of course tentative. There is need for much more detailed research into the relations between socioeconomic factors and breast cancer.
Keywords: Breast Cancer, Gross Domestic Product per Capita, Health Policy, High income countries; cancer incidence, oral contraceptive pill
JEL Classification: I14, I15, I18, I39, O10, O3, O55, Q50
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