Myanmar: The Rohingya Crises as an Analytic Lens to Understanding Violent Extremism

Handbook on the Dynamics of Violent Extremism, Extremist Groups and State Fragility, Routledge, Forthcoming

20 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2019

Date Written: November 25, 2019

Abstract

On November 28, 2016, an Ohio State University student drove his car into pedestrians on campus. He then exited the vehicle and stabbed multiple people with a butcher’s knife before a law enforcement officer killed him. Mere minutes prior to the attack, the 18-year-old student complained in a Facebook post that he had reached a “boiling point” and was “sick and tired” of seeing Muslims around the globe “killed and tortured.” While his post began with a broad condemnation of anti-Muslim violence “everywhere,” it then referenced the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, specifically. The attacker’s stated motivations - no matter how unjustified and reprehensible his actions - are significant for a number of reasons. First, the attack demonstrates the international ripple effects that a humanitarian and human rights crisis seemingly regional in nature have in an increasingly interconnected world. Second, it evidences the myriad factors that “push” or “pull” individuals - from Myanmar to the United States - towards violent extremism. Third, it also illustrates how extremist violence creates a cycle that culminates not only in mass migration but transnational violence. This chapter explores these themes in greater depth, employing the Rohingya crises in Myanmar as its analytic lens to better understand violent extremism in both minority and non-minority contexts.

Keywords: Violent Extremism, Terrorism, Rohingya, Myanmar, Human Rights, International Law, Genocide, Terrorism, Radicalization, United Nations

Suggested Citation

Abdelkader, Engy, Myanmar: The Rohingya Crises as an Analytic Lens to Understanding Violent Extremism (November 25, 2019). Handbook on the Dynamics of Violent Extremism, Extremist Groups and State Fragility, Routledge, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3493716 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3493716

Engy Abdelkader (Contact Author)

Mitchell Hamline School of Law ( email )

875 Summit Ave
St. Paul, MN 55105-3076
United States
55105-3030 (Fax)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
108
Abstract Views
440
rank
345,218
PlumX Metrics