Overcoming Policy Myopia: Personal Exposure, Voter Ignorance, and Disaster Policy Preferences

42 Pages Posted:

See all articles by Michael M. Bechtel

Michael M. Bechtel

Washington University in St. Louis

Massimo Mannino

University of St. Gallen

Date Written: March 17, 2017

Abstract

Societies can address collective threats by investing in preparedness (ex ante) or by providing financial assistance after an adverse event has occurred (ex post). What explains which of these options publics prefer? Existing research suggests that personal exposure to adverse events should have powerful effects on the willingness to support preparedness investment. We study mass preferences over disaster preparedness which is meant to addresses an increasingly destructive and frequent class of events. We find that neither subjective nor geo-coded measures of disaster exposure explain policy preferences. Using two experiments we then explore whether knowledge about the economic features of preparedness investment affect voter preferences. We find that higher effectiveness and lower costs significantly increase the willingness to invest in disaster resilience. These results suggest that the ability of democracies to overcome policy myopia may depend more on voter ignorance than on whether individuals have personal experience with adverse events.

Keywords: Policy myopia, long-term policy problems, disaster policy, affectedness, voter ignorance, survey experiment, preparedness investment

JEL Classification: C22, H71, H72

Suggested Citation

Bechtel, Michael M. and Mannino, Massimo, Overcoming Policy Myopia: Personal Exposure, Voter Ignorance, and Disaster Policy Preferences (March 17, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=

Michael M. Bechtel (Contact Author)

Washington University in St. Louis ( email )

Campus Box 1063
One Brookings Drive
Saint Louis, MO 63130-4899
United States

Massimo Mannino

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Langgasse 1
St. Gallen, 9008
Switzerland

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
1
Abstract Views
3
PlumX Metrics