Parental Inputs and Socio-Economic Gaps in Early Child Development

61 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2019

See all articles by Lindsey Macmillan

Lindsey Macmillan

University of Bristol

Emma Tominey

University of Bristol - Leverhulme Centre for Market and Public Organisation (CMPO)

Abstract

By the time children start school, socio-economic gaps are evident in child skills. We document a causal effect of a reform to mothers' education on her child's skills and use mediation analysis to explore the role of parental inputs as mechanisms. The reform shifted mothers' education from no, to a low level of qualifications. Our results suggest that financial resources are an important channel, explaining up to 59% of the effect on child cognitive skills. On top of this, parental investments of health behaviours during pregnancy and monetary investments at home explain a further 14% of the test score gaps.

Keywords: child development, test scores, socio-emotional skills, parental inputs, decomposition, ALSPAC

JEL Classification: I24, J13, D10

Suggested Citation

Macmillan, Lindsey and Tominey, Emma, Parental Inputs and Socio-Economic Gaps in Early Child Development. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12792, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3495769

Lindsey Macmillan (Contact Author)

University of Bristol ( email )

University of Bristol,
Senate House, Tyndall Avenue
Bristol, BS8 ITH
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.bris.ac.uk/depts/CMPO/people/biomacmillan.htm

Emma Tominey

University of Bristol - Leverhulme Centre for Market and Public Organisation (CMPO) ( email )

12 Priory Road
Bristol BS8 1TN
United Kingdom
+44 117 928 9019 (Phone)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
21
Abstract Views
142
PlumX Metrics