Industrial Property Institutions, Patenting, and Technology Investment in Spain and Mexico, c. 1820-1914

Spanish version published as: Beatty, Edward y Sáiz, Patricio (2007): “Propiedad industrial, patentes e inversión en tecnología en España y México (1820‐1914)”, en R. Dobado, A. Gómez y G. Márquez (eds.), México y España ¿historias económicas paralelas?, México, FCE (425‐467)

43 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019

See all articles by Edward Beatty

Edward Beatty

University of Notre Dame

Patricio Sáiz

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Date Written: 2007

Abstract

This paper explores the nature and implications of nineteenth century patent law in two late-industrializing countries: Spain and Mexico. Both inherited earlier ancient regime monopoly practices, both adopted aspects of modern, codified patent systems in the early nineteenth century, and both sought primarily to encourage innovation and especially the introduction of foreign techniques. Mexico, however, abandoned this orientation in 1890 in favor of an emphasis on supporting inventive activity while Spain retained this orientation until recently. After presenting an overview of the conceptual and historical issues regarding comparative patent systems in section one; section two compares the nature of the Spanish and Mexican systems in the nineteenth century; while sections three and four examine the implications of patent law: its impact on trends in patenting behavior and —more tentatively— its probable consequences for investment in technological change.

Keywords: Spain, Mexico, Economic History, Patents, Technological Change, Technology Transfer

JEL Classification: N40, N43, N46, O31, O33, O34

Suggested Citation

Beatty, Edward and Sáiz, Patricio, Industrial Property Institutions, Patenting, and Technology Investment in Spain and Mexico, c. 1820-1914 (2007). Spanish version published as: Beatty, Edward y Sáiz, Patricio (2007): “Propiedad industrial, patentes e inversión en tecnología en España y México (1820‐1914)”, en R. Dobado, A. Gómez y G. Márquez (eds.), México y España ¿historias económicas paralelas?, México, FCE (425‐467). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3495893 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3495893

Edward Beatty

University of Notre Dame ( email )

361 Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN 46556-5646
United States

Patricio Sáiz (Contact Author)

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid ( email )

Campus Cantoblanco
Madrid, Madrid 28049
Spain

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