Industrial Property Institutions, Patenting, and Technology Investment in Spain and Mexico, c. 1820-1914
UAM Working Papers in Economic History, nº 02/2007, ISSN: 1885-6888
43 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019 Last revised: 6 Jul 2021
Date Written: 2007
This paper explores the nature and implications of nineteenth century patent law in two late-industrializing countries: Spain and Mexico. Both inherited earlier ancient regime monopoly practices, both adopted aspects of modern, codified patent systems in the early nineteenth century, and both sought primarily to encourage innovation and especially the introduction of foreign techniques. Mexico, however, abandoned this orientation in 1890 in favor of an emphasis on supporting inventive activity while Spain retained this orientation until recently. After presenting an overview of the conceptual and historical issues regarding comparative patent systems in section one; section two compares the nature of the Spanish and Mexican systems in the nineteenth century; while sections three and four examine the implications of patent law: its impact on trends in patenting behavior and —more tentatively— its probable consequences for investment in technological change.
Keywords: Spain, Mexico, Economic History, Patents, Technological Change, Technology Transfer
JEL Classification: N40, N43, N46, O31, O33, O34
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