Why Did Corporations Patent in Spain? Several Historical Inquiries
Sáiz, Patricio and Pretel, David (2014): “Why Did Multinationals Patent in Spain. Several Historical Inquiries”, in P. Y. Donzé and S. Nishimura (eds.), Organizing Global Technology Flows: Institutions, Actors, Processes; New York, Routledge (39‐59)
30 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019 Last revised: 15 Dec 2019
Date Written: 2010
This paper explores how international corporations used the Spanish patent system in the late nineteenth century and the first decades of the twentieth century in order to discover what the actual effects of its apparent weakness were. The research clarifies the origins and evolution of corporate patenting in Spain, the effects of compulsory working clauses, the management of assignments, the various strategies followed by firms, and the effects of patents on technology transfer to the Spanish economy. The conclusions yields understanding on real patent management over the long-term by analyzing the strategies of Brown Boveri and Babcock Wilcox corporations in Spain.
Keywords: Multinationals, Spanish Innovation System, Patents, Technology Transfer
JEL Classification: N43, N44, N73, N74, O31, O32, O34, O52
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