Patent Networks, Collaboration Patterns, and National Innovation Systems. Sweden and Spain during the Second Industrial Revolution

Andersson, David; Galaso, Pablo; and Sáiz, Patricio (2019): "Patent Collaboration Networks in Sweden and Spain during the Second Industrial Revolution", Industry and Innovation, 26 (9): 1075‐1102

27 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019

See all articles by David Andersson

David Andersson

Uppsala University

Pablo Galaso

Universidad de la Republica - Instituto de Economía

Patricio Sáiz

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Date Written: 2017

Abstract

Sweden and Spain have developed very distinct systems of innovation over the long term. The former has a highly innovative economy while the latter drags serious problems in science and technology. However, during the first half of the nineteenth century both countries were latecomers to the industrial revolution in the European periphery with similar economic, technological, and institutional challenges ahead. In this paper, we hypothesize that one possible reason for this long-term divergence lies in the different collaboration patterns that emerge from interactions among innovative agents. To analyse such cooperation patterns we apply social network analysis methods and study co-patent networks in Sweden and Spain during the second industrial revolution (1878-1914). The results demonstrate that collaboration among innovators and openness to foreign influence was greater in Sweden than in Spain. This research opens new paths for further studies both on economic history and innovation networks dynamics.

Keywords: Collaboration, Innovation Networks, Patents, Social Network Analysis, Sweden, Spain, Second Industrial Revolution

JEL Classification: N01, N73, O30, O33, Z13

Suggested Citation

Andersson, David and Galaso, Pablo and Sáiz, Patricio, Patent Networks, Collaboration Patterns, and National Innovation Systems. Sweden and Spain during the Second Industrial Revolution (2017). Andersson, David; Galaso, Pablo; and Sáiz, Patricio (2019): "Patent Collaboration Networks in Sweden and Spain during the Second Industrial Revolution", Industry and Innovation, 26 (9): 1075‐1102, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3495942 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3495942

David Andersson

Uppsala University ( email )

Box 513
Uppsala, SE-751 20
Sweden

Pablo Galaso

Universidad de la Republica - Instituto de Economía ( email )

Uruguay

Patricio Sáiz (Contact Author)

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid ( email )

Campus Cantoblanco
Madrid, Madrid 28049
Spain

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