Salience and Accountability: School Infrastructure and Last-Minute Electoral Punishment
39 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2019 Last revised: 12 Oct 2021
Date Written: September 1, 2019
Can seemingly unimportant factors influence voting decisions by making certain issues salient? We study this question in the context of Argentina 2015 presidential elections by examining how the quality of the infrastructure of the school where citizens were assigned to vote influenced their voting choice. Exploiting the quasi-random assignment of voters to ballot stations located in different public schools in the city of Buenos Aires, we nd that individuals assigned to schools with poorer infrastructure were significantly less likely to vote for Mauricio Macri, the incumbent mayor then running for president. The effect is larger in low-income areas - where fewer people can a ord private substitutes to public education - and in places where more households have children in school age. The effect is unlikely to be driven by information scarcity since information on public school infrastructure was readily available to parents before elections. Rather, direct exposure to poor school infrastructure at the time of voting is likely to make public education - and the poor performance of the incumbent - more salient.
Keywords: Elections, Salience, Electoral Punishment, Public Infrastructure, Education
JEL Classification: D72, D83, I25, D90
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation