The Methane Footprint of Nations: Stylized Facts from a Global Panel Dataset

69 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2019

See all articles by Octavio Fernandez-Amador

Octavio Fernandez-Amador

University of Bern

Joseph F. Francois

University of Bern - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Vienna Institute of International Economic Studies (WIIW); University of Adelaide - School of Economics

Doris Oberdabernig

Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)

Patrick Tomberger

University of Bern - World Trade Institute

Date Written: November 2019

Abstract

We develop a global dataset of methane inventories derived from production, sup-ply use (final production), and consumption activities for 1997-2014, disaggregated to 78 countries/regions. Our dataset extends existing data on methane emissions to 2014 and allows to trace emissions embodied in international trade in intermediates and in final goods. Anthropogenic emissions are quantitatively important for global warming and increased by about 18% from 1997 to 2014. The bulk of produced emissions is attributable to developing economies, though a considerable amount is exported mainly via manufactured goods to high income countries, which are net-importers of methane. Trade-embodied emissions increased by 8% more than nationally produced emissions during 1997-2014, with the strongest increase experienced by China, India, and Indonesia. Decompositions of the growth rate of emissions over this period suggest that methane efficiency improved but that it was outweighed by the effect of economic and population growth in low- and middle-income countries. In high-income countries, however, methane efficiency gains outweighed the effect of economic and population growth.

Keywords: decomposition analysis, emissions embodied in trade, methane emissions, methane footprints, MRIO analysis, production-based inventories

JEL Classification: F18, F64, O44, Q54, Q56

Suggested Citation

Fernandez-Amador, Octavio and Francois, Joseph F and Oberdabernig, Doris and Tomberger, Patrick, The Methane Footprint of Nations: Stylized Facts from a Global Panel Dataset (November 2019). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14125, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3496614

Joseph F Francois

University of Bern - Department of Economics ( email )

Schanzeneckstrasse 1
Bern, CH-3001
Switzerland

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Vienna Institute of International Economic Studies (WIIW) ( email )

Oppolzergasse 6
A-1010 Vienna
Austria

University of Adelaide - School of Economics ( email )

Adelaide SA, 5005
Australia
+61 8 8303 5540 (Phone)
+61 8 8223 1460 (Fax)

Doris Oberdabernig

Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) ( email )

P.O. Box 91
Wien, A-1103
Austria

Patrick Tomberger

University of Bern - World Trade Institute ( email )

Hallerstrasse 6/8
Berne, CH-3012
Switzerland

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